Part One: The Biblical Revelation

Chapter 1

‘It is not good to punish an innocent man’

Proverbs 17:26, NIV


Could God have done that which is not good?
Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! (Note)
The meaning of forgiveness
‘The righteousness of God … through faith in Jesus Christ’ (Rom.3:22, NKJ)
Not … ‘from a worldly point of view’ (2 Cor.5:16, NIV)
‘For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us’ (2 Cor.5:21, NKJ, Note on translations)
‘When He cried to Him, He heard’ (Psalm 22:24, NKJ)
‘Note on Rom.15:3′

Chapter 2

‘The reason the Son of God appeared’

1 John 3:8, NIV


‘As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness’ (John 3:14, NKJ)
The Day of Atonement
Reflections from writings of early Church fathers
‘Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ’ (Mat.27:17, NIV)

Chapter 3

‘He bore the sin of many’

Isaiah 53:12, NKJ


‘Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows’(Isaiah 53:4, NIV)
‘The Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all’ (Isaiah 53:6)
‘By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many’ (Isaiah 53:11, NKJ)
‘He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities’ (Isa.53:5, NKJ)
‘The punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed’ (Isaiah 53:5, NIV)
‘Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise Him; He has put Him to grief’ (Isaiah 53:10, NKJ)
‘When You make His soul an offering for sin ..’ (Isaiah 53:10, NKJ)
Note on Jewish and English translations of Isaiah 53

Chapter 4

‘Whoever eats My flesh and drinks My blood …’

John 6:54, NKJ


‘The Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread ..’ (1 Cor.11:23, NKJ)
‘This cup is the new covenant in my blood; ..’ (1 Cor.11:25, NIV)
‘Do this in remembrance of Me’ (1 Cor.11:24, NKJ)
‘Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away from Me; …’ (Luke 22:42, NKJ)

Chapter 5

‘Shall I give my firstborn for my transgression?’

Micah 6:7, NKJ


‘The sin of the Amorites’ (Gen.15:16, NIV)
‘Take now your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love’ (Gen.22:2, NKJ)
‘He Himself is the propitiation for our sins, …’ (1John 2:2, NKJ)

Chapter 6

Our Personal Response


‘Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do’ (Luke 23:34, NKJ)
‘Is Christ divided?’ (1 Cor.1:13, NKJ)
‘Sanctify them by Your truth … that they all may be one’ (John 17:17-21, NKJ)
‘Take, eat: this is My body …’ (Mat.26:26, NKJ)
‘The mystery of godliness’ (1 Tim.3:16, NKJ)

Chapter 7

Our Corporate Response and Evangelism


‘And the Lord added to the church’ (Acts 2:47, NKJ)
‘Look to Me, and be saved, all you ends of the earth!’ (Isaiah 45:22, NKJ)
‘… sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise’ (Eph.1:13, NKJ)
‘And how shall they hear without a preacher?’ (Rom.10:14, NKJ)
‘Now this is the word which by the gospel was preached to you’ (1 Pet.1:24-25, NKJ)
‘Many are called, but few are chosen’ (Matt.22:14, NKJ)
‘And as many as had been appointed to eternal life believed’ (Acts 13:48, NKJ)
‘But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God …’ (1 Cor.2:14, NKJ)
‘Thus it is written and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead …’ (Luke 24:46, NKJ)
‘… and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem’ (Luke 24:47, NKJ)
‘I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away’ (Rev.21:1, NKJ)
‘…according to the revelation of the mystery … now revealed’ (Rom.16:25-27, NIV)

Part Two: The Early Church

Chapter 8

Irenaeus and the Recapitulation of Christ


Jesus as the second Adam


Chapter 9

Atonement in Athanasius of Alexandria


Note: Man created mortal but with the grace to live forever


Chapter 10

‘Heal My soul’?: Eusebius of Caesarea – A Commentary on the Atonement


‘Demonstration of the Gospel’: Psalm 41

…the words which are apparently said in the person of our Saviour: “Heal my soul, for I have sinned against thee.”‘


Chapter 11

The Nature of Man’s Creation and the Consequence of the Fall


The Nature of Man’s Creation

“It is appointed for men to die once …”

Is the sinful nature in man inheritable?

Immortality – A gift to the righteous


Chapter 12

In Him We Have Redemption: The Witness from Scripture and the Early Church


The Perfect Witness

The Confirmation

The Price Paid by Christ

Release from Bondage

The Early Church and ‘Ransom’: The Epistle to Diognetus

The Early Church and ‘Ransom’: Justin Martyr

The Early Church and ‘Ransom’: Irenaeus

The Early Church and ‘Ransom’: Origen

The Early Church and ‘Ransom’: The ‘Cappadocian Fathers’


The Message – Plain and Simple



Creation and Evolution

Penal Substitution – Answering the Advocates


‘What’s all the fuss about?’from the authors of ‘Pierced for our Transgressions’

Penal Substitution and Justice (extract from Chapter 10, ‘Pierced for our Transgressions’)

‘God’s Character’a reflection on statements made by the authors of ‘Pierced for our Transgressions’

Moral intuition v The authority of God’s Word (a view of R.L. Dabney)

The ‘Federal Headship’ fallacy

The Wrath of God


The sin of Achan

Two common questions answered

The Imputation of Righteousness‘How can this be just, if the imputation of sin to Christ is not?’


Statement of Faith